Morphine addiction has generated a lot of concern in recent times due to its prevalence. As you may acknowledge, morphine is an opiate derived from opium from the poppy plant. Note that this drug falls under prescription medication used to treat moderate or acute pain. It is also used in relieving pain before, during, as well as, after a surgical operation.
Since the drug is actually prescribed in hospitals, the availability is quite high thus heightening the chances of abuse. In addition, the drug is highly addictive and, therefore, an individual can be hooked on the drug either innocently or deliberately. However, if the drug is taken in line with the prescription of a qualified medical professional for treating pain, the chances that an individual gets hooked are quite low and, therefore, it is relatively safe.
However, this is not always the case since, with continued consumption of the drug, physical dependence can develop. This is as a result of the body becoming accustomed to having the drugs in your system. In this case, the individual can experience a craving for the drug and feel abnormal when he or she has not taken it. In addition, chemical tolerance can occur, in which case the initial dose may not be sufficient to bring the desired results.
It would be important to acknowledge that these are not necessarily signs of abuse or addiction, as they happen even when an individual has been taking the drug normally. However, it becomes a problem when an individual takes more than the prescribed dose in an effort to bring about the same results or if the drug is used for purposes other than that which is medically approved.
With its addictive characteristics, morphine activates the brain’s reward systems. This causes an intense craving for the drug leading to the individual focusing all of his or her efforts on getting the drug. This addiction results from the drug’s capacity to chemically change the normal functioning of the brain by stimulating the reward systems. In addition, it impairs the individual’s level of consciousness hindering his or her ability to think straight or even influences their awareness of their surroundings.
The time taken for the drug to develop a chemical tolerance in the body may vary from a few days to a few weeks. In this case, an individual would suffer from morphine withdrawal symptoms when the drug amount taken is reduced. As much as morphine withdrawal symptoms are not usually fatal, they can be quite uncomfortable for the individual.
The withdrawal symptoms can include abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, uneasiness, lacrimation, severe sneezing, muscular spasms, perspiration, twitching muscles, acute abdominal aches, restless sleep, coryza, diarrhea, goose flesh, rhinorrhea, as well as mydriasis. The more serious withdrawal symptoms include increased heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, as well as respiratory rate.
Morphine withdrawal symptoms’ intensity reaches its peak between 36 and 72 hours after last intake. However, the symptoms may last for five or even seven days if they are left untreated. Note that the craving may continue for months or even years. This underlines the importance of seeking the appropriate help at a rehab treatment facility (800-303-2482).