Morphine Addiction Treatment
Morphine, an opiate derived from the poppy plant, has been widely use in treating moderate as well as acute pain for quite some time. However, it has turned out to be quite a problem, especially as far as addiction is concerned. It falls under the class of narcotics and relieves pain by directly acting on central nervous system. Morphine has proved to be quite useful in hospital settings as it is used in relieving pain before, during, as well as, after surgical operations.
One thing to acknowledge about prescription drugs are that they are relatively safe when taken in line with a qualified medical professional’s prescriptions. In fact, an individual has a very low risk of becoming addicted to the drug in such instances. However, when an individual takes more than he or she is supposed to or prescribed, they, ultimately, can become hooked.
Morphine may come as an injection, suppository, syrup or even a tablet. In this case, it may be swallowed, smoked, or injected. Due to the high potency of the drug, heroin addicts actually abuse it when they cannot obtain heroin.
When taken for a long period of time, the addict can develop a physical dependency on the drug. This is coupled with the development of a chemical tolerance as the brain is used to having chemical toxins in the system. In this case, the individual can develop an intense craving for the drug leading them to focus all their efforts on obtaining and consuming the drug.
In the short term, the drug adheres to the brain’s regions responsible for mediation of pleasure. This is exactly what causes pleasure. Other effects of the drug, in the short term, include constipation, drowsiness, dizziness, depressed breathing, as well as other respiratory problems.
In the long term, the individual can become physically dependent as well as developing an increased tolerance. In this case, they would require more or higher doses than the prescribed amounts in order to bring about the initial feelings of happiness and euphoria. Subsequent increases of the drug would eventually prove ineffective and if this continues, the individual may overdose on the drug.
Overdosing on morphine can result in coma, depression, respiratory depression, as well as death. Other long term effects of morphine abuse include muscle twitch, hyperventilation, shallow breathing, and kidney failure, as well as muscle twitch.
Treatment of morphine addiction may be done through inpatient programs or outpatient programs. The inpatient program is, however, recognized to be more effective. This treatment focuses on the three aspects that are affected by the drug abuse that lead to the addiction. At the beginning, the individual is taken through a detoxification process.
As much as rapid detoxification is known to be very effective, other methods have been devised where the withdrawal symptoms are suppressed through admission of another drug called buprenorphine. Detoxification is accomplished by removing the toxic elements in the body resulting from continued use of the drug. The other treatment of morphine addiction is done to address the psychological aspect, where the predisposing factors are addressed.
In this case, the patient is counseled on the effective ways of dealing with their withdrawal symptoms. The other treatment addresses the behavioral aspect in order to help the patient in substituting their bad behaviors with good ones.